Are climate change agreements effective?

The climate of the Earth continually changes. Over the past several decades, these changes have significantly increased. In the last century the coldest year was 1909, and the average global temperature was -0.46 ° C. Since then, the tendency seems to be unmistakable – almost every decade the temperature has been rising. Recent years have been particularly worrying, since 2012 has seen a steady increase in the average annual temperature of the Earth, and 2016 has been the warmest in history (0.94 ° C). It is impossible to conceal the idea that global warming was also caused by people. Happiness about climate change is increasingly being discussed at an international forum, which has for years been followed by the signing of new agreements aimed at preventing this problem. But are these contracts effective?

The Kyoto Protocol (1997)

The answer to the title question is not unequivocal. In 1997, representatives from many countries met in Kyoto in the United Nations Conference of Parties and signed a protocol for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Most countries – including Poland – have been obliged to reduce CO2 emissions. Limits vary from country to country and their financial opportunities, but this was undoubtedly the first serious step towards halting climate change. The agreement entered into force in 2005, when Russia signed it. The United States, which at that time was the world’s greatest poisoner, did not ratify the treaty. The two most populous countries of the world – China and India – did not fulfill their purposes. The United States, however, has reduced CO2 emissions by several percent since 2000, while China and India have doubled the amount of carbon dioxide they emit. The European Union, which has long promoted the ecological trend in the world, has set its goals. The 1997 agreement, however, is difficult to find globally effective, as global global greenhouse gas emissions have increased. However, if some countries were not obliged to do so, then this increase would be even more pronounced.

Climate Conference in Paris (2015)

In 2015, a meeting of United Nations Conference of Nations Parties took place in the sub-le Bourget. Summit participants have outlined a plan to halve the world average temperature rise below 2 ° C or pre-industrial levels. The meeting did not impose specific limits on specific countries, and the representatives themselves set goals. This agreement is important because it has been ratified by China and the United States, which account for 25 and 15 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, respectively. The United States wants to limit the release of these gases by 26-28% by 2025, by 2030 the European Union by at least 40. In addition, poorer countries have been promised aid in the fight against climate change. At present, it seems that governments have seen many global warming problems, and therefore the hope is that the goals will be met.


Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, but people and governments are increasingly aware of how the effects of global warming can be affected. Understanding this problem led to the signing of a number of agreements on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In Kyoto in 1997, the countries most responsible for pollution of the Earth did not ratify the protocol, but in 2015, China and the US finally committed to real change. He also welcomes the fact that the latest agreement takes account of the financial problems of the poorest countries, which are difficult to introduce new technologies. This makes us look forward with optimism and believes that the new treaties will lead to climate change mitigation.